Dark patches, discoloration or brown spots that develop when excess melanin forms deposits in the skin. Excess melanin production can be triggered by unprotected sun exposure or also by hormonal changes. Choosing a broad spectrum sunscreen is a key to helping to prevent hyperpigmentation.
Commonly referred to as oil glands, sebaceous glands are found everywhere on the body except for the palms of the hands and soles of the feet. They secrete an oily/waxy substance that lubricates hair and skin. Over-active sebaceous glands can lead to clogged pores and acne breakouts.